ARISS - Amateur Radio on board of the ISS
... is the akronym for "Amateur Radio on the International Space Station".
ARISS is a project sponsored by various entities and carried out by astronauts and cosmonauts on the International Space Station who also have an amateur radio license. The program was previously called SAREX, the Space Amateur Radio Experiment, and before that the Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment. Kenwood Electronics recently launched an advertising campaign capitalizing on the fact that their TM-D700A transceiver is currently in use on the International Space Station (ISS).
Amateur radio operators all over the world are able to speak directly to astronauts/cosmonauts via their handheld, mobile, or home radio stations. Low power radios and small antennae can be used to establish communications. It is also possible to send digital data to the space station via laptop computers hooked up to the same radio and antenna, similar to an email communication, except that it uses radio frequencies instead of telephone or cable connections.
The space station occupants work a standard work day and have breaks in the evening and during meals. While on break, some of them will spend some time communicating with "earthlings" via amateur radio.
On September 22, 2006 the High School students of the "Gymnase de la Broye" (GYB) had the opportunity of a ARISS-Radio-Contact with Astronaut Thomas Ritter on board of the International Space Station. "Operation ARISS-GYB" was prepared with the school by our club during about one year. The Swiss astronaut Claude Nicollier (HB9CN), opened and closed the QSO.
Below you'll find a picture gallery of this event and some links about ARISS.
On September 22, 2006 the High School students of the "Gymnase de la Broye" (GYB) had the opportunity of a ARISS-Radio-Contact with Astronaut Thomas Ritter on board of the International Space Station.
The "Operation ARISS-GYB" was prepared with the school by our club during about one year. The Swiss astronaut Claude Nicollier (HB9CN), opened and closed the QSO.
Please find here a Diashow about the "ARISS-GYB" event.
On March 21st, 2012 we had a QSO (radio contact) between the electronic students of the Education Center of the Air Force Base Payerne (Switzerland) and Astronaut André Kuipers on board of the International Space Station ISS, as part of the ARISS program.
The students had developed and built for months a technical project, as the ARISS project requires. It consisted of an electronic payload for a stratospheric balloon. Their work reached its culmination on March 15, 2012 with the successful launch of the balloon probe.
As part of the Project ARISS, the students had to work on a technical, space related project. They had to develop and build a payload for a balloon probe.
Our technical partners were:
- The Aerological Station Payerne operated by MeteoSwiss
- SwissATV, television specialists among the radio amateurs
- Radio amateurs Specialists in APRS (Automatic Packet Reporting System).
In the following, we introduce our organization and our team of project partners and will report in words and pictures on the "Operation ARISS-2012", from the "Balloon project" until the grand finale with the radio contact between the students and astronaut André Kuipers on board the International Space Station ISS:
From the right in counter-clockwise:
- Herbert Aeby, HB9BOU (Chairman)
- Jean-Yves Dupertuis (Teacher of electronics apprentices)
- Michel Berger, HB9BOI (Head of Logistics)
- Bertrand Bladt, HB9SLO Head of PR)
- Pierre-André Probst, HB9AZN Head ATV, Swiss-ATV)
- Manfred Oberhofer, HB9ACA (Head Radio Station)
- Daniel Lamon, HB9DLZ Head APRS and "Balloonhunting")
- Raymond Luisier (Liaison Officer to the Air Force Museum "Clin d'Ailes")
- Fritz Friedli, HB9TNA Secretary, administrative Affairs
- Not present on the picture:
- Jean Michel Clerc, HB9DBB Head Ballon probe)
- Alain Tornare, HB9TYJ (Vice chairman)
On march 15, 2012 took place in the Swiss Air Force Museum "Clin Dailes" a press conference on "Operation ARISS-2012"
A school that participates in the ARISS program must incorporate in their school program issues related to space. In this case, a technical project had to be developed and built by students of the Education Center of the Air Force Base Payerne (Switzerland).
The project named "HEIDI" had value of diploma project. The students had to develop and build a payload for a stratospheric weather balloon with a video camera, a transmitter in the range of 13 cm waves for transmitting live images during the flight, a HD video camera with memory onboard storage, various meteorological sensors, a GPS receiver with a APRS-transmitter to track the trajectory of the balloon and its payload, and finally - probably a world first for weather balloons - a device for measuring temperature inside the balloon with data transmission.
The project was a real technical challenge for the students. E.g. the total weight of the balloon payload was limited to 2 kg, and electronic and optical modules must operate in a wide range of temperatures, from ambient temperatures at departure up to -60 °C at the border of the stratosphere.
The main test with Electronic modules and the balloon took place as of Thursday March 1st, 2012. All the tests were successfully.
The electronics apprentices reached the culmination of their work with the successful launch of the stratosphere balloon probe on March 15, 2012, at 1:57pm. After 1 ½ hour of flight, it reached at west of "Schwarzsee" the apex at an altitude of 32'152 meters above sea level, at a speed of 39 km/h.
Click here for pictures of the Balloon Project "Heidi"
The QSO (radio contact) between the students and astronaut Andre Kuipers on board of the ISS took place on March 21, 2012 at 9:39 am.
Please find below pictures, the original sound track of the QSO and a testimonial about this extraordinary event.
Our ARISS event takes place in the museum, with which our club is very closely connected and working together. Mehr erfahren über dieses Museum (französisch)...
The Education Center of the Air Force Base Payerne forms boys and girls of Swiss origin in four years to electronics engineers and polymechanics. Mehr über das CFBAP erfahren (französisch)...
Where does the data come for the weather forecasts? The website of meteosuisse tells you about this stuff. mehr...
The amateur radio service offers an enormous range of employment opportunities for radio amateurs. Since, it is not surprising that it's including also TV specialists.
SwissATV combines TV-radio amateurs from western Switzerland and France. They have their own relays which makes possible ATV-broadcasts well into France and Germany. Discover the SwissATV through their Website (in French)...
APRS is the acronym of "Automatic Packet (often position) Reporting System".
APRS is a special type of amateur packet radio (transmits data in packets).
The system was established in 1992 by the radio amateur Bob Bruninga (WB4APR).
APRS provides interesting possibilities, such as just keeping track of vehicles, balloons, etc.
To learn more about APRS...